Takeda Shrine Summer Festival-Dance of Men in Battle Surcoats in Kagoshima



Since the establishment of Tokugawa government in the 17th century, Tokugawa family and its relatives ruled all of Japan. But the Tokugawa shogunate came to its official end in 1867, when Tokugawa Yoshinobu, the 15th Tokugawa shogun, returned the ruling rights to the emperor. Thus, Meiji period started. The parties overthrew Tokugawa shogunate and established new Meiji government with new feudal clans such as Choshu, Satsuma, and Tosa.

In this article, I would like to introduce you Shimazu Family, who had been ruling Kagoshima and Miyazaki areas for a long time being a part of Satsuma clan. Shimazu Tadayoshi who lived in Muromachi period established the base of Satsuma clan strongly. He was enshrined at Takeda shrine, in Kagoshima, and the summer here is held in his memory.

Shimazu Family, Satsuma Clan & Shimazu Tadayoshi

Shimazu Tadahisa was a retainer of Minamoto Yoritomo, who established Kamakura Shogunate in Kamakura in the end of 12th century. Since Tadahisa was appointed as a commissioner in Kagoshima and Miyazaki areas by Kamakura Shogunate, Shimazu family had been ruling the south Kyushu area for 700 years. Sometime in the past, the Shimazu family ruled over 90 % of the Kyushu island.

One of the excellent leaders in Shimazu family history was Shimazu Tadayoshi. Tadayoshi fought with lords in Satsuma, Osumi, and Hyuga in mid-16th century. Finally, he united 3 areas and built Shimazu family base solidly. Even after turning over the top position to the next generation, Tadayoshi continued to make efforts to do a variety of activities such as trading with China through Ryukyu, purchasing a large number of guns, educating retainers teams.

Tadayoshi also contributed in town’s development including building a bridge and castle’s town.
He aroused silkworm-raising industry as town’s business, too. One of the outstanding points is that he created a poetry style – “Iroha-uta” (いろは歌) based upon Japanese syllabary reflecting Confucian and moral education. His educational ideas have been taken over by later generations.

Takeda Shrine

Takeda shrine in Minami Satsuma city, in Kagoshima. The main shrine building was constructed by the order of Shimazu family in 1873. In the precincts, the waterway from Kasedakawa river is flowing, and trees such as Kusunoki (camphorwood) and Inumaki (yew plum pines), are growing densely. When you walk on the esplanade, you will get on the old path called “Inishie no Michi”. Please, breath the fresh air walking and watching shining leaves and feeling the wind blowing through.

Takeda Shrine Summer Festival

Summer festival at Takeda Shrine takes place on July 23rd, every year. At this festival, you will witness a traditional Samurai dancing – “Samurai Odori” and puppet show with Karakuri. Both the dancing and the puppet show are designated as Important Intangible Cultural Properties of Japan.

Samurai Odori

The reason why you can see the Samurai Odori during the festival at the shrine is that Shimazu Tadayoshi collected his Samurai subordinates and made them dance before going to battles. One of the reasons why Tadayoshi made his Samurai dance was to confirm whether or not spies or enemies infiltrated into his Samurai team. This Samurai dancing was too tricky for an outsider to perform. At the current summer festival, you will notice the adult dancing team and boys dancing team, which includes boys older than the elementary school students of the 4th grade.

Suisha Karakuri

Suisha Karakuri is a traditional mechanical doll performance that receives its energy from the water wheel for irrigation. In the old days, this kind of performances were familiar in south Kagoshima area. However, now you can see this performance only in the places three places including Takeda Shrine.

Fantastic Night

At the festival night, surroundings of the shrine become lively and crowded. You will see many lanterns at a variety of places which bring fantastic and charming atmosphere. The night stalls and markets increase the enjoyable atmosphere even more.

Details and Access

Date and Time: July 23rd every year, 10:00 – 21:00

Place: Takeda Shrine

Address: 17932 Kaseda Takeda, Minami Satsuma-shi, Kagoshima prefecture

Inquiry: TEL: 0993-53-3751 (Minami Satsuma-shi Tourist Association)

Official Website:

Access: 10 Minutes on foot from “Kaseda Shisha” Bus Station, Kagoshima Kotsu Line

Closing Remarks

It is amazing that the Shimazu family had been ruling Kagoshima area for 700 years, isn’t it? The summer festival at Takeda shrine delivers you an exceptional experience to see traditional Samurai Odori and Suisha Karakuri which is almost impossible to see anywhere else. This will definitely become a day that you will not forget.

If you would like to explore Minami Satsuma city and Kagoshima prefecture with a local guide, please check the banner below!

Would You Like to Know How to Enjoy a Japanese Festival Even More?

A lot of people when they get to a Matsuri for the first time feel themselves a bit lost. They confuse about what is happening around. If you are new to Japanese Festivals or want to know an alternative way of how you can enjoy these events, the following article will provide you with a set of helpful tips on how to choose a proper festival and activities you should try there. Please don`t hesitate to take a look at it!


Don`t Stay Hungry at the Festival!

Image courtesy of  Takashi Hososhima

For all foodies who enjoy Japanese Festivals would be nice to get acquainted with the rich choice offered by Yatai (Japanese festival food stalls). The food presented during Matsuri is pretty different from the one you get at the restaurants in Japan. Besides, there is a certain charm in grabbing some snack from a food stall and diving back into the festival crowd. I am sure that you will discover something new about Japanese festival food from the following article!


Did You Know That There is a Festival Every Day Somewhere in Japan?

Japan is a country of festivals indeed. Matsuri is an essential part of traditional Japanese culture. Thus, every day somewhere in Japan a festival takes place. There are traditional and modern festivals, on the sea and on the ground, in summer and winter. Japanese are hardworking people. However, when you attend at least one festival in Japan, you will understand how locals like to party. The article under the link below will introduce you to a celebration on any day of the year. I am sure you will find an event that suits your interests utmost!



l am living in Nagoya, the third largest city located between Tokyo and Osaka. I am looking forword to introducing you about wonderful festivals in Japan.

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